What does this indicator measure?

This measure shows the percent of women 18 and older who reported having a Pap test in the previous two years to screen for cervical cancer.

Why is this indicator important?

Mainly because of the effectiveness of Pap smear testing, the cervical cancer death rate in the United States declined by almost 70% between 1955 and 1992 [American Cancer Society (ACS)]. Pap screenings allow for early identification and treatment of abnormal cervical cells before they become cancerous. According to the ACS, all females should begin cervical cancer screening about three years after they begin having vaginal intercourse, but no later than age 21. Screening should be done every year with the regular Pap test or every two years using the newer liquid-based Pap test. Women, 30 or older, who have had three normal test results in a row may switch to being screened every two or three years.

About the data

Community: Indiana

Reference: U.S.

Goal: No goal has been developed

Measurement Period: 2010

Category: Cancer

Community Source: Indiana State Department of Health & Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Reference Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance